Impact of Indus Water Treaty on J&K State
Jammu and Kashmir in spite of being the upstream area has been effected due to restrictions placed by the Indus water Treaty(IWT). The water resources, the backbone of J&K’s economy, have been snatched by the instrumentality of IWT. Also the treaty has haunted all economical activities of the state. J&K has 20000 MWs of hydro electric potential. J&K has so far been able to harness just 10% of the total potential because of IWT. This results into shortage of power. Thus the state is forced to purchase power continuously from outside the state resulting in outflow of money which hinders overall growth of J & K’s economy. Therefore India & Pakistan must give people of J&K their birth right to use their water resources because of the
1. The State of Jammu and Kashmir is being affected at the benefits of the two countries. Indus, Jhelum and Chenab are
rivers which flow from J&K and it is our birth right to use our water. Under the treaty, J&K can use only a quantum of waters of the Indus, Chenab and Jhelum for power generation and lift irrigation so that Pakistan gets uninterrupted water from these rivers and in return India gets exclusive use of Sutlej, Beas and Ravi. While as people of J&K gets losses and fiscal deficits and are labeled as beggars.
2. In last 50 years losses caused by the Indus Water Treaty to J&K’s economy in terms of development of industry, power and agriculture is nearly equal to US$ 4.5 billion. The annual energy loss suffered by J&K is 60,000 million units valuing Rs. 12,000
Crores at Rs. 2.00 per unit per year, which is substantially less than the market rate. India and Pakistan are making profits
using our water and are denying us the right to use our own water. Why must J&K suffer these looses?
3. J&K government purchases power from the northern grid of central government. The power which J&K buys from the centre
is the same power which is produced using J&K’s water from three power projects under Central Sector. This means the
electricity produced form our water at a cost of few pennies is again sold back to us for millions.
4. J&K because of its abundant water resources could have been able to generate surplus electricity which it could have exported to neighboring states, resulting in additional revenue to J&K and this revenue would have been many folds more than the annual budget given to J&K by Indian Union but sadly because of the Indus Water Treaty J&K is helpless. If this treaty is abolished J&K won’t need the annual budget from the India Union which
will result in J&K’s economic independence.
5. J&K produces 2500 MWs of electricity and its own power requirement is equal to 2450 MWs but out of these 2500 MWs state only gets 758.70 MWs from 20 power projects owned by J&K’s State Sector and the rest 1680 MWs from three power projects under Central Sector i.e. 690 MWs from Salal Hydel Electric Project, 480 MWs from Uri-I Hydel Electric Project, from Dulhasti 390 MWs goes directly to the northern grid of the central government and the central government sells back this
power to J&K and gives J&K a mere discount of 12% on the total bill. Why should be J&K billed and discounted on account of the power which J&K itself produces?
Indus Water Treaty is an inhuman instrumentality signed between
India and Pakistan which provides India and Pakistan bilateral benefits and on the other hand is imposing economic sanctions on
the people of J&K and is ultimately denying the people of J&K their basic human right, the right to use their water for their own